What is socialism?
Socialism is an ideology that strives for a socialist social structure. The term ‘social structure’ is defined in the dictionary as the way, in which economic and political power has been distributed among society. In other words, it refers to the way in which the economy and societal functions are organized. The word ‘system’ can also be used in the place of ‘social structure’. Currently, the majority of the world lives under a capitalist system, which is based on the means of production, aka factories, institutions and for example big machines being under private ownership.
The socialism that the Communist Youth of Finland pursues is based on the theories of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels and Vladimir Lenin.
In summary, capitalism is a bad, failed and dysfunctional system. Capitalism’s paradigm flaws include that wealth, and through that power, accumulates to a few, because the proprietary class collects the revenues of companies and the profits of the labour of their workers. In a private business, the workers produce profits to the owner from their own labour, and this amplifies as the size of the business expands. Inequality shows both in huge income gaps and wealth differences as well as in the low income level’s effects on individuals’ opportunities to progress in their own lives. Due to such obvious inequality, Finland has class differences between the different stratified social classes too. Under capitalism, nature is exploited for profits as well, and all natural resources need to be bought or are there to already be expropriated for money.
Capitalism’s paradigm flaws include that wealth, and through that power, accumulates to a few, because the proprietary class collects the revenues of companies and the profits of the labour of their workers.
It’s good to note that for example in Finland and especially in other Nordic countries, the public sector, aka the state and municipalities, have a big role in organizing social services. The public sector is not essential to capitalism, but the activity of the state and the municipalities is even more central in a socialist system. A strong public sector under capitalism is definitely a benefit to the people, but it still doesn’t remove the flaws or problems of capitalism, as they’re built into the system.
Socialism is a transitionary stage towards Communism. You can’t transition straight from capitalism to communism. First, we need a socialist transitionary stage, where societal structures are rebuilt to be more just, democratic and solidary. A single country can’t be communist, but it can be socialist. This is why it’s misleading to speak of a ”communist state”. More about communism here!
You can’t transition straight from capitalism to communism. First, we need a socialist transitionary stage, where societal structures are rebuilt to be more just, democratic and solidary.
How would things be organized better under socialism? The question is what kind of values is a society built on and how does it work? A socialist system holds people, animals and the environment, living life instead of money, in the center. The economy does not rule society, because the economy is built to work for the common good.
According to Marxian economic theory, under a socialist mode of production, instead of capitalist private ownership, the one that prevails is common ownership through the socialist state, municipalities and worker co-operatives. The basic difference is that under capitalism the surplus value produced with the means of production goes entirely to the capitalists who own them, while under socialism the surplus value is in our hands, in the hands of the working class.
Under socialism, the means of production are under common ownership and commodities and services are not produced for the sake of profits, but rather for the common good. Essential in this is also that under socialism, commodities are produced only as much as we need, meaning that resource allocation is done under more efficient economic planning. Under capitalism, commodities are produced way too much and the markets create artificial desires for people. This leads to the destruction of nature and people’s healths.
Under socialism, the means of production are under common ownership and commodities and services are not produced for the sake of profits, but rather for the common good.
Socialist solidarity shows concretely for example in that society provides the opportunity for each basic need (housing, income level high enough for living, basic services and legal protection), and nations and the workers coming from other countries are not put to fight against each other. Capitalism has allowed racism to emerge, due to it’s imperialist nature and the capitalist class’ ability to shift the blame for causing the ills of society, from themselves to other groups.
The Communist Youth of Finland pursues a political revolution, which is heading towards socialism, the democratic transitionary stage. This goal is being pursued by influencing and agitating through political movements, organizations, activism and elections, in collaboration with other people demanding system change. In this group, you're welcome too – become a member!
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